USA-23 successful Defender of the AC 1992
ITA-25 unsuccessful Challenger of the AC
Since the syndicates  had no experience with  this class the wealthy teams ordered 3-5 yachts. Before the actual competition a World Championship was organized. This gave the teams the chance to try out their first designs or to test these boats in regattas.
With the introduction of the new IACC class (International America's Cup Class) began a new era.
With the introduction of the new IACC class (International America's Cup Class) began a new era. The 12-m class became history. The new yachts designed for racing got a flat, wide and fast hull. The pressure on the powerful sails battered on a 32,5 m high mast was balanced by a fin keel with a heavy bulb of lead  up to 20 tons. 28 sail numbers were registered, and  27 yachts built. Number 13 was not issued..  Of these, five yachts sailed for the Citizen Cup and 8 for the Louis Vouitton Cup. The remaining 14 yachts  were test boats or even not used (e.g. SLO-4, RUS-24)
With their flat bottoms and the removable keels the IACC yachts could be transported by air-plane now, The huge Russian Antonow An-124 became the standard vehicle for many teams. The plane can load up to 120 tons with a take off weight up to 390 tons.
© San Diego Boat Movers *
* San Diego Boat Movers comment: The 1992 race in San Diego attracted many U.S. and international challengers. Inside this giant Antonov cargo plane at Lindburgh Field, San Diego, are a French and an Italian boat, along with their masts, keels, and other equipment..
28th AMERICA's CUP 1992  San Diego, USA
America3 (USA-23) defended successfully the America's Cup 1992
Yacht / Country:  AMERICA3 (America Cubed 3)/USA	 Sail Number:        USA-23	 Syndicate :	     America3 Foundation	 CEO	                     Wiiliam (”Bill”) Koch 	 Yacht Club:          San Diego Yacht Club	 Designer :	     Jerry Milgram	 Boat Builder:       Goetz Custom Sailboats, Inc			 Skipper:               Dr.William  Koch. 1992
The US defenders were dominated by Dr. Wiiliam Koch, who financed the construction of  4 IACC yachts  racing against 1 candidate, namly Dennis Conner (USA -11). The America³ Foundation ordered altogether 4 IACC Yachts :  Jayhawk / USA-9, Defiant / USA-18, Kanza / USA-28 and America³ / USA-23, the last one was the fastest of them. The yachts of 1992 were 5,5 m wide but slimmed down from Cup to Cup to finally 3,75 m in 2007. USA - 23 won the Citizen Cup ( counterpart of the defenders to the LVC of the challengers) against Conner’s USA 11 and then the AC 1992.
The US defenders were dominated by Dr. Wiiliam Koch, who financed the construction of  4 IACC yachts 
Il Moro de Venecia V (ITA-25) was the unsuccessful challenger for the America's Cup 1992
1992 Yacht / Country:	IL MORO DI VENEZIA V / Italy	 Sail Number:	        ITA-25 	 Syndicate :             Il Moro di Venezia Syndicate	 Yacht Club:             Compania Della Vela Yacht Club,                                                                      Venice	 CEO	                        Raul Gardini	 Designer :	       German Freres	 Boat Builder :        Tencara at Porto Marghera	 Skipper:	         Paul Pierre Cayard From the challengers the Italian Raul Gardini was  Koch’s  equivalent counterpart.  Gardini financed even 5 yachts,  all called “ Il Moro di Venecia I – V”. “ (ITA-1, -7, -15, - 16 and –25 )  ITA-25 won the LVC against NZL- 20 but missed the America’s Cup. Raul Gardini counted as head of the agricultural  FERUZZI Group with the flagship of the chemical  giant  MONTEDISON to Italy's richest entrepreneurs.  But its many acquisitions, including MONTEDISON,  brought the company into serious financial problems  with dubious political implications. As yet Gardini should be arrested on charges of  corruption and bribery he committed suicide in  July 1993.   Some sources assume on basis of some evidence  even a homicide.
From the challengers the Italian Raul Gardini was Koch’s  equivalent counterpart.
© San Diego Boat Movers * * in their elder, but now changed website the San Diego Boat Movers commented this picture as: 1992 saw the first use of the newly introduced International America's Cup Class (IACC) of boats, replacing the 12 meter class which had been used since 1958. In the 1992 finals, the Italian challenger 'IL MORO' (pictured) was defeated by 'AMERICA3', allowing the cup to remain in San Diego.
The CITIZEN CUP 1992 The U.S. A. were the official defender of the AC. Since two syndicates sponsored by the San Diego Yacht Club, competed for the defence, a Defender Selection Series  had to be organized to determine the  Defender of the AC. The event got its name from the Japanese watch maker and sponsor CITIZEN
The yachts sailed 4 Round Robins (RR1-RR4 where points were collected) and the Final. RR 1: USA-11 against Jayhawk and Defiant , RR 2: USA-11 versus Defiant and America3. RR 3: the same opponents as RR2 RR 4: USA-11 against America3 and Kanza. Final: America3 USA-23 wins against  Stars & Stripes USA-11 and becomes official defender.
Yacht / Country :  Stars & Stripes / USA Sail Number :       USA 11 Syndicate :          Team Dennis Conner  CEO :                 Dennis Conner Yacht Club:          San Diego Yacht Club Designers :          David Pedrick, Bruce Nelson                           Aberto Calderon,Chris Todter Boat Builder :      Eric Goetz Custom Sailboats Skipper :             Dennis Conner
Stars & Stripes / USA-11 and the  Citizen Cup 1992:
From  mid January to late April 1992 the US-11 sailed in 53 (!) days of racing in the CITIZEN CUP against the 4 yachts flotilla  of Bill Koch, to clarify who defends the America's Cup officially. Conner's USA-11  lost finally against USA-23. The irony is that Dennis Conner, who lost the AC in 1983 but conquered it back in 1987 - and defended it with success in 1988 – had to cede the defence for 1992 to Bill Koch.
From  mid January to late April 1992 the US-11 sailed in 53 (!) days of racing
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